Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) | प्रधान मंत्री ग्राम सड़क योजना | Details

pradhan-mantri-gram-sadak-yojna

About Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana In Hindi

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) is a central government scheme launched on December 25, 2000. This scheme is under the jurisdiction of Rural Development Ministry, it is fully funded by the Central Government. During the month of November 2015, after the recommendations of the 14th Finance Commission, it was announced to the sub-groups of Chief Ministers for the development of centrally sponsored schemes that the project would be run between the Central Government (60%) and the States (40%). The purpose of this scheme is to connect every village by road.

Parameters Details
Name of the Scheme Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)
Launched by PM Shree Narendra Modi
Date of Launch 25th December 2000
Motive Linking every village to the road
Budget Distribution 60% Central Government and 40% State Level Govt
Supervised by Ministry of Rural Develpment
Scope of Yojana Across India

प्रधान मंत्री ग्राम सड़क योजना

pradhan-mantri-gram-sadak-yojna

प्रधान मंत्री ग्राम सड़क योजना (पीएमजीएसवाई) 25 दिसंबर, 2000 को शुरू की गई एक केंद्रीय सरकारी योजना है। यह योजना ग्रामीण विकास मंत्रालय के अधिकार क्षेत्र में है, इसे पूरी तरह से केंद्र सरकार द्वारा वित्त पोषित किया जाता है। नवंबर 2015 के महीने के दौरान, 14 वें वित्त आयोग की सिफारिशों के बाद, केंद्र सरकार द्वारा प्रायोजित योजनाओं के विकास के लिए मुख्य मंत्रियों के उप-समूहों को घोषित किया गया कि परियोजना केंद्र सरकार (60%) और राज्य (40%)। इस योजना का उद्देश्य हर गांव को सड़क से जोड़ना है। 

प्रधान मंत्री ग्राम सड़क योजना के उद्देश्य

  • ग्रामीण इलाकों में पात्र असंगठित आवासों के लिए, एक मौसम के माध्यम से, कनेक्टिविटी प्रदान करने के लिए।
  • यह इस तरह से किया जाना है कि 1000 व्यक्तियों और उससे अधिक की आबादी वाले सभी अनसुलझे आवास तीन साल (2000-2003) में शामिल हैं और दसवीं योजना के अंत तक 500 व्यक्तियों और उससे अधिक की आबादी वाले सभी अनकनेटेड आवास अवधि (2007)।
  • पहाड़ी राज्यों (उत्तर-पूर्व, सिक्किम, हिमाचल प्रदेश, जम्मू-कश्मीर, उत्तरांचल) और रेगिस्तान क्षेत्रों (जैसा कि रेगिस्तान विकास कार्यक्रम में पहचाना गया है) के साथ-साथ जनजातीय (अनुसूची वी) क्षेत्रों के संबंध में, उद्देश्य होगा 250 लोगों और उससे अधिक की आबादी के साथ आवासों को जोड़ने के लिए।
  • उन जिलों में मौजूदा सड़कों के उन्नयन की अनुमति जहां नामित आबादी के आकार के सभी योग्य आवासों को सभी मौसम सड़क कनेक्टिविटी प्रदान की गई है।
  • साथ ही, कार्यक्रम के लिए उन्नयन केंद्र नहीं है और राज्य के आवंटन के 20% से अधिक नहीं हो सकता है जब तक कि राज्य में योग्य अनधिकृत आवास अभी भी मौजूद हैं।
  • प्राथमिकता ग्रामीण कोर नेटवर्क के मार्गों के माध्यम से दी जाती है, जो उन्नयन कार्य के मामले में अधिक यातायात लेती है।

Initial Goals Of Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana

  • Its main objective was to provide roads to all the villages
  • With 1000 people and 2003 population
  • With 500 people and 2007 population
  • In tribal and desert areas, hill population has 500 population and population of 2003
  • In tribal and desert areas, there are 250 people in the hill states and up to 2007 population.
  • State wise progress on road construction works
  • The overall progress in ensuring rural connectivity.

Must Check : Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Yojana (BBBP)

Objectives Of Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)

  • To provide Connectivity, by way of an All-weather, to the eligible unconnected Habitations in the rural areas.
  • It is to be done in such a way that all Unconnected Habitations with a population of 1000 persons and above are covered in three years (2000-2003) and all Unconnected Habitations with a population of 500 persons and above by the end of the Tenth Plan Period (2007).
  • In respect of the Hill States (North-East, Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttaranchal) and the Desert Areas (as identified in the Desert Development Programme) as well as the Tribal (Schedule V) areas, the objective would be to connect Habitations with a population of 250 persons and above.
  • Permit to the upgradation of the existing roads in those Districts where all the eligible Habitations of the designated population size have been provided all-weather road connectivity.
  • Also, upgradation is not central to the Programme and cannot exceed 20% of the State’s allocation as long as eligible Unconnected Habitations in the State still exist.
  • Priority is given to Through Routes of the Rural Core Network, which carry more traffic in the case of upgradation work.

Funding and Allocation

Once the Core Network is prepared, it is possible to estimate the length of roads for New Connectivity as well as upgradation for every District. States may, each year, distribute the State’s Allocation among the Districts giving 80% on the basis of road length required for providing connectivity to Unconnected Habitations and 20% on the basis of road length requiring upgradation under the PMGSY. The District-wise allocation of funds would also be communicated to the Ministry / NRRDA / and STA every year by the State Government.

In addition to the allocation to the States, a special allocation of upto 5% of the annual allocation from the Rural Roads share of the Diesel cess will be made for:

  • Districts sharing borders with Pakistan and China (in coordination with Ministry of Home Affairs)
  • Districts sharing borders with Myanmar, Bangladesh and Nepal (in coordination with Ministry of Home Affairs)
  • Left Wing Extremists areas in the Districts identified by the Ministry of Home Affairs
  • Extremely backward Districts (as identified by the Planning Commission) which can be categorized as Special Problem Areas
  • Research & Development Projects and innovations.

Monitoring System Of the Scheme

  • It has been developed by C-DAC Poon’s e-Governance Department and it is the largest database in India.
  • Development of the online management and monitoring system or OMMS GIS system to set goals and monitor the progress has been also done for the proper execution of the scheme.
  • OMMS also has different modules to track the expenses incurred on each road. Based on the data recorded by the state and district officials, the OMMS prepares detailed reports which are viewable in the section of the citizens.
  • This system manages to complete all the stages of road development on the road from its motion mode. OMMS includes advanced features such as e-payment, password protected PDF files, interactive reports etc.
  • Check details here.

Summarised Analysis of the PMGSY

  • In the financial year 2016-17, as on January 25, 2017, projects of `23,201 crore, MOD approved 122% of the Indian government’s allocation for the financial year 2016-17 (revised estimates / RE).
  • 85% of approved projects between the financial year 2000-01 and 25 January 2017 have been completed, 9% are in progress, 2% have been contracted, and 4% have not yet been contracted.
  • Nearly 8% of the entire projects from the financial year 2007-08 to the financial year 2016-17 till date are not received till January 25, 2017. In Jammu and Kashmir (75 per cent), Tripura (Rajasthan), the delay was more than 30 per cent), Jharkhand (27 per cent) and Bihar (20 per cent).
  • Body building is often more than the 12-month deadline set in PMGSY guidelines. Only 24% of the projects completed from 2000-01 to the financial year 2015-16 were completed within one year of signing the contract agreement.
  • Between fiscal year 2000-01 and 25 January 2017, 1.54 lakh new projects were approved and 4.87 lakh kilo-meters (km) new roads were constructed.
  • Also, the upgrade average is 80 km per day under the scheme, this.
  • Between April 2000 and January 25, 2017, PMGSY added 1.9 lakh habitations across the country. It is equal to 17%.

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