Ganga Vriksharopan Abhiyan (गंगा वृक्षोपण अभियान) : Objectives & Eligibility
The Ministry of Environment and Forests is providing financial assistance to various implementing organizations in the 10th Five Year Plan, as a grant aid amounting to “Green” – India. Under the scheme, financial assistance is provided for establishing high tech / satellite nurseries for the production of forestry and quality plantation material in government, community and private land.
The guidelines of the scheme and the format of the application form have been made available to the Chief Forest Conservators of all the States / Union Territories. From 9th to 15th July, 2018, ‘Ganga Plantation Campaign’ was organized in Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal by the National Clean Ganga Mission in five main states of Ganga Valley.
Importance Of Forestation In The Valley
- Where there are forests, there is more rainfall, which increases the water level of the rivers.
- In large quantities, leaves and blisters falling from the trees do not allow the rain water to flow rapidly and it gradually flows inside the ground, which keeps the process of water cycle going smoothly.
- In addition, dense forests along the banks of the rivers provide the ability to clear the rivers automatically.
- This way, the program of Ganga Conservation is being strengthened by putting forest on the banks of Ganga.
Objectives Of Ganga Vriksharopan Abhiyan
Its main objectives are given as follows:
- Enabling the environment of capacity-improvement in the production and use of tree plantations and good quality plantation material at different levels.
- To provide good quality plantation material by establishing high tech nurseries.
- Spreading awareness about the use of high tech plantation and tree plantation material (QPM) of plantation in people.
- To develop the production system of good quality species and assist in the coordination between those who use it.
- Contribute to increase forest cover in the country by focusing non-forest.
Key Features of the Programme
- Captive campaign is the main component of ‘Namami Gange’ program.
- It is the initiative to cooperate with the Forest Department in the protection of the Ganges.
- Its main objective is to make common masses and all stakeholders aware about the importance of forest in efforts to preserve the river Ganga.
- To give the form of mass movement to the campaign, schools, colleges and departments were requested to ‘adopt a plant’.
- Planting large scale on the banks of Ganga along with local people’s participation
- A formal program was organized at more than 100 locations in the presence of the campaign. In Uttar Pradesh it was added with ‘Ganga Haritima campaign’
Eligibility Conditions For Ganga Vriksharopan Abhiyan
While applying, must be registered according to local regulations and legal provisions.Not applicable
|Tree planting||Establishment of satellite nursery||Central high tech nursery|
|Disciplinary institutions||Government departments, urban local bodies, Panchayati Raj institutions, State Forest Department, registered social institutions, non-profit organizations, co-operatives, philanthropic trusts, self-help organizations, public institutions, autonomous bodies, registered schools, colleges and universities||(i) State forest department or other forestry / agricultural research institutes / forest development agencies / farmers who are below the poverty line / in association with cooperative societies / Panchayats.
(ii) Any person / farmer who is below poverty line and private personnel.
|Forest Department of the State itself or Forestry / Agricultural Research Institutions / Forest Development Agencies / Farmers, which are below poverty line / Co-operative societies / Panchayats with tree growing.|
|Minimum period of registration||5 years have been completed till March 31.|
|Tonughar||At least 3 years of working experience in the environment or related social sector||At least 3 years of experience in preparing materials of quality plantation, its tools and plantation||Not Applicable
Collaboration of Forest Research Institute in the campaign
During the campaign, the responsibility of preparing a detailed project report (DPR) was given to the Forest Research Institute located in Dehradun for scientific implementation of plantation program. On the basis of this report, forest departments of the State started planting activities.
While researching the forest research institute, planting the plant was asked to keep local climate, ecology, soil condition and vegetation in mind.
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Planning of the project
The project of production / plantation work of high quality plantation material should be done at an assured place and possible in the composite clause. The project, in which plantation work is to be done, generally covers a wide area of many districts, should not be spread.
- The institution / agency should make planning for physical and financial goals of each work of the project, and for the working period of various tasks, it is necessary that the planning should be done.
- While preparing a micro-plan for the project area, as far as possible, should be done on the local community / beneficiaries.In the micro-plan, include the following:
- List of beneficiaries included in micro planning
- Map showing workplace demarcation and management.
- Plantation Program which includes the goals and schedules of the work.
- Workplace preparation
- The method of preparation of species and the preparation of good quality plantation material and plantation techniques, maintenance, etc. should be given in detail.
- Fodder harvesting
- Period of maturity of trees / plants and timing of receipt of wood, fodder, small buildings and timber for each year.
- The law of maintenance and care should be made to the rural community to adapt to the local conditions.
- Benefits distribution process.
Ganga Vrisharopan Abhiyan Activities
This campaign is running in the 5 states namely – Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal. The government has started various activities under this segment of Namami Gange Programme called as Ganga Vriksharopan Abhiyan which are as follows:
- Awareness Campaign
- Public Meetings
- Cultural Programs
Ganga Vriksharopan Saptah
Ganga Vriksharopan Saptah has started from 9 July 2018 and ended on 15 July 2018. The major do’s and dont’s of the week are as follows:
- Use dustbins for dumping solid waste along Ghats.
- Don’t dump plastic bottles in Ganga.
- Promotion of cultivation of medicinal plants across the Ganga Basin.
- Development of Eco-Skills and Capacity building training among volunteers also known as Ganga Mitras.
- Spreading public awareness among school children and local people.
- Information education and communication activities along with regular cleaning of ghats.
Major impacts of planting trees over riverside can be seen with this programme. A few of these impacts are fairly listed below:
- Improvement in the groundwater level recharge
- Reduction in flood and drought
- Protection of Biodiversity
- Prevention of Soil Erosion
- Improved Water Quality and Regulated Rainfall