AMRUT Scheme Budget, Objectives, Purpose & Implementation
Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation Yojana (AMRUT Scheme)
Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation by Launched by our Prime Minister Narendra Modi In June, 2015. AMRUT, was developed with the motive to ensure that every household has access to basic services i.e. water supply, sewerage, urban transport.
This in reverse will improve the quality of life. Learning from the earlier Mission have shown that infrastructure creation should have a direct impact on the real needs of people, such as providing taps and toilet connections to all households. Thus infrastructure creation should be focused.
Thus the main motive of Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation Yojana is to make ensure every house should have a Tap with proper supply of water and sewerage connection, increase the amenity value of cities by developing parks for greenery, to decrease the pollution by encouraging people for walk or cycling. In the Service Level Benchmark all these standards and indicators have been developed by the Ministry of Urban Development. This process to get all these Benchmarks is called “incrementalism”.
In earlier times Ministry of Urban Development used to give project-by-project sanctions. In AMRUT this process has been replaced by approval of State Annual Action Plan once a year by the Ministry of Urban Development and the states have to give project sanctions and their approval at their end. The scheme of “Housing for All” by 2022 and AMRUT both were launched on same day.
Features Of AMRUT Scheme (अमृत योजना )
- This scheme targets to make cities livable, inclusive while driving economic growth.
- To promote smart solutions for efficient use of available assets, resources and infrastructure for enhancing urban living and clean and sustainable environment.
- to develop Urban Towns and Cities by developing Municipal reforms initiatives are being taken.
- Providing aid to the State Government and ULBs.
- Creating economically productive, efficient equitable and responsive cities.
- Upgrading the social economic structure.
- India needs balanced focus in term of creating/upgrading City infrastructure and leveraging ICT and Geospatial technologies by service like water/energy/public/transportation/road/seweage/healthcare/safety/governance and citizen.
- To reduce pollution in cities through encouraging people for using secure and cheap public transport.
- This scheme will only be applicable in those cities where population will be more than 1 lakh.
- This scheme is also applicable in those cities where small rivers pass through.
- Under this scheme all those projects will also be covered which were left incomplete under JNNURM.
- All cities/towns which are classified as heritage cities by MoUD under the Hriday Scheme.
- Ten cities from hill states, islands, tourist destinations.
Must Check :Kanya Shadi Sahyog Yojana
Must Check : अंत्योदय अन्न योजना
Components Of AMRUT Scheme
- Water Supply.
- Septage management and sewerage facilities.
- Storm water drains to reduce flooding.
- Pedestrian, non-motorized and public transport facilities, parking spaces.
- Enhancing amenity values of cities by creating and upgrading green spaces, parks and recreation centres, especially for children.
- Wage employment program.
- Reform management and support.
Reforms Under AMRUT Scheme
This mission is encouraging the supporting the states in conducting reforms that will improve the financial health of ULBs, delivery of citizen services. Transparency and cutting the cost of services. This mission has circulated model building by laws and has advised the states to adopt them especially its’ essential features. Ministry is also helping to conduct energy audit of the pumping systems in the cities in order to improve the energy efficiency.
Funds have been allocated to 90 cities of Gujarat, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh under the first phase of mission. City Mission Management Units is proposed to be setup at each city level.
Capacity building and set of reforms are included in this mission to make it successful, whereas reforms will lead to improvement in service delivery and capacity building will empower the municipal. AMRUT makes the states actualizing the spirit of cooperative federalism.